ARM Update

May 4, 2020



Last week brought negative data with record lows in many of the week’s releases as the global pandemic weighs on the economy.  The U.S. economy contracted 4.8% in the first quarter, bringing the longest expansion on record to an end.  U.S. initial jobless claims rose 3.8mm taking the last six-week total to 30mm.  The April FOMC meeting brought no changes to the policy rate, interest rate on excess reserves, the asset purchase plan, or the credit facilities.  On the week, Ginnie and short-conventional ARM spreads were unchanged while longer-reset Fannie and Freddies tightened 4 to 5 basis points.  The fixed-rate mortgage-back space saw spreads unchanged as well.

Since the market dislocation in mid-March, ARM pricing spreads have tightened, but remain at attractive levels.  For example, 5/1 ARMs have a 115 bp spread, almost 85 bps wider than they were in March 2019.  Longer-reset 7/1s and 10/1s have a 115 and 120 bp spread, respectively, approximately 75 and 73 bps wider.  Certainly, the environment for ARMs has changed dramatically over the years with the flattening yield curve, but today’s spreads are well wider than those seen even earlier this year.

Factors such as diminished liquidity, lack of index sponsorship, and the small market size have increased ARM spread concessions to fixed rates.  Spreads are substantially wider by approximately 42 bps on 7/1s versus their 15-year fixed rate counterparts.  7/1s may offer better value than 15-years, but they are less liquid.  Overall, we continue to see relative value in 7/1s due to appealing yields, shorter durations, and less negative convexity than comparable-coupon 15-year fixed rate MBS.  Investors concerned about potentially-faster prepayments could focus on lower WAC new issue pools or moderately-seasoned paper.



April new ARM issuance was at its strongest level in a year totaling 975.8mm.  Supply was split amongst Fannie Mae (550.1mm), Freddie Mac (411.9mm), and Ginnie Mae (13.8mm).  Supply was focused in longer-reset 10/1s (468.8mm) while 7/1s were issued in an amount of 344.5mm.  Freddie Mac issued 0.7mm of a short-reset 3/1 indexed to the Treasury, which broke the four-month trend of no 3/1 issuance as this shorter product continues to be largely abandoned by lenders and the GSEs.  ARM gross issuance remains at multi-year lows as it came under 1 billion for the twelfth consecutive month.  Last year, the monthly net supply of ARMs ran at a negative $2-3 billion pace, while fixed rates grew at $20-30 billion each month.  As of April, hybrid ARM issuance represented ~ 0.75% of overall MBS issuance.



Last week, ARM activity was spread across a variety of lists and primarily focused on the following:


On November 15, 2019, the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC) released recommendations on contract fallback language to be used for new closed-end residential adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs).  The recommended fallback language for each of these products is based on the following framework:


A recent Vining Sparks’s publication provides the latest developments and planning steps for the transition from LIBOR.


On July 11, 2019, the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC) released a white paper detailing how an average of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) can be used in newly issued ARMs in a structure that is comparable to today’s existing ARM loans.  The white paper shows how SOFR can be used to develop products that are built on a robust reference rate that is grounded in market transaction.  Here’s an overview of the ARRC’s proposed models of SOFR ARMs:



The desk continues to look to bid odd-lot positions for both conventionals and Ginnies for clean-up.  The disposition of odd-lot positions can result in enhanced transactional liquidity and higher earnings.  Also, this is an opportunistic time to consider eliminating smaller line items that are subject to standard safekeeping and accounting fees that are more palatable for larger block sizes.



Ricky Brillard, CPA

Senior Vice President, Investment Strategies

Vining Sparks IBG, LP

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