Sector Update

January 18, 2022



A few points to start your week



Today – Yields higher, curve slightly flatter, equities broadly decline


Treasury yields hit new cycle highs


March rate hike looks like a foregone conclusion


WSJ: The Best Investment for This Coming Crazy Year

I thought this was an especially timely article. In a nutshell, the author thinks discipline will be the best investment in 2022. I happen to agree, especially, since it is the crux of the “Reflecting on 2021” section below. The article is geared more towards individual investors, but we face similar issues. Namely that we can’t predict the future and with so much uncertainty things that seem like a given – might not be.


Upcoming Webinars – (1 hour CPE available, registration opens 2 weeks prior to each webinar)

1/11: 1st Quarter Economic Outlook Webinar (slides | webinar replay)

2/22 Bank: Positioning the Investment Portfolio for Performance

2/24 Credit Union: Positioning the Investment Portfolio for Performance

3/8 Bank: Balance Sheet Strategies in an Expected Tightening Cycle

3/10 Credit Union: Balance Sheet Strategies in an Expected Tightening Cycle



Yield on 10- and 5-year maturities within 5-10 bps of pre-pandemic levels


Yield on 3- and 2-year maturities still lag pre-pandemic levels, will require Fed action to eclipse


Curve Shape – 2s5s moves flatter, still 6 bps steeper YTD


Curve Shape – 2s10s moves flatter, still 4 bps steeper YTD


Food for Thought – SBA 7(a) prepays continue to grind back towards historical norms


Food for Thought: Reflecting on 2021 and Looking Forward to 2022 (originally printed 1/3/2022)

Looking back, 2021 was an odd year in many ways but helped reinforce three (at least) good investing disciplines. We entered the year with absolute low yields. The 3-, 5-, and 10-year Treasury yielded 0.17%, 0.36%, and 0.92%, respectively, and didn’t provide much cushion for the historically modest 60-90 bps increase in yields. This pressured returns lower for the year, especially longer duration, after two solid years of performance. That isn’t to say all longer duration investments though (more on this below). Even on a 3-year Treasury, best I can tell, 2021 was the first year a buy-and-hold investor would have experienced a negative total return in over 20 years.



Discipline 1: Portfolio diversification matters

Like I mentioned above, not all longer-duration investments struggled with returns in 2021. A sizeable portion of many depository portfolios are invested in longer-term municipal bonds which performed relatively well. Last year was likely a good reminder of the merits of a diversified portfolio. Historically, this also appears to be the case too. Looking back to 2000, there has only been one year (2013) where all the selected indices below posted negative total returns.



Discipline 2: Invest as consistently as practical

At the risk of sounding self-serving, I really do think 2021 served as a good reminder on the merits of attempting to invest as consistently as possible. Looking at some of the charts below, there were certainly times when investing would have been more/less advantageous than others. This is the biggest problem we have as investors though, being unable to predict the future. Taking a disciplined approach to purchases is a way to help combat this.


Discipline 3: Don’t forget the big picture, your balance sheet

Considering what we’ve seen it is natural for one to wonder, what’s likely to perform well in 2022? Will the curve materially flatten, will credit continue to perform well, the list goes on and on. Fortunately, the answer to this question can (and I’d argue should) be determined by the rest of your balance sheet. Coming into 2021, the risk to yields falling was largely realized and the focus had turned to a prolonged period of low rates. Most balance sheets were (and still are) poised to perform well if and when shorter-term rates rise.

That brings us to today and to 2022. Risk sentiment seems to have shifted towards shorter-term rates rising as the Fed is expected to act on recent and persistent inflation. What if yields move higher, what if the curve flattens? Don’t worry about trying to predict the future, that’s an unrealistic goal. After all, last year the Federal Reserve predicted unemployment would be 5% in Q4 of 2021 (closer to 4% in reality) and that inflation would be up 1.8% (closer to 5%). The right choice is what complements your balance sheet.


Sector Commentary (click on links for more in-depth look)



What We’re Reading


Market Today | Daily

Weekly Recap | Weekly, Friday

Monthly Review (December) | Monthly, 1st business day

Brokered Deposit Rate Indications | Weekly, Monday

Investment Alternatives Matrix | Weekly, Tuesday

MBS Prepay Commentary (January) | Monthly, 5th business day

SBA Prepay Commentary (January) | Monthly, 10th business day


WSJ: Stocks Fall as Bond Yields Hit Two-Year High

“Interest-rate futures markets indicate investors are betting on four to five interest rate rises this year, up from three to four Friday, according to CME Group.”


Vining Sparks Interest Rate Products: Margin Compression: Causes and Solutions

In this article, we examine why the industry is facing margin compression, challenge some of the more prevalent assumptions about banks’ risks profiles and highlight our best ideas for dealing with the current environment.


Vining Sparks: Strategic Insight: Year-End Balance Sheet Management

As the end of 2021 approaches and planning for next year begins, we have developed several balance sheet and portfolio management strategies considering the current banking landscape and challenges that could weigh on future profitability. Additionally, we have updated our annual Year-End Checklist to help serve as a guide through the planning process.


Vining Sparks: Coronavirus Chartbook and Coronavirus State Charts


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